3rd short film analysis: The Lady in Number 6

This is my 3rd documentary analysis, again to help me decide how I want to structure my documentary and what type I want to use, to make sure I’m following the generic conventions.

The Lady in Number 6 is an Academy Award- winning documentary short film which was released in 2013. This was directed, written and produced by Malcom Clarke. The documentary tells the story of Alice Herz-Sommer, a German, Jewish pianist who was the world’s oldest Holocaust survivor.  In the documentary she discusses the importance of music, laughter and how to have an good outlook on life. She died at the age of 110 in 2014, one week before the 86th Academy Awards.

Textual Analysis:

The documentary begins with an editing effect of sparkles on the screen against a black screen, which is coupled with a non-diegetic score in which it gets louder, preparing the viewers for something to happen. This changes to gold typography labelled: ‘ShortHD presents’. The effect of the gold typography emphasises that the short film is famous, and well-known, this is quite grand which makes the audience expect something good/special out of this documentary. The shot transverses from glitter into the typography ‘The Oscar nominated short film 2014’. This entices the audience as to why it was nominated and what for. The cuts to a black screen with glitter then displayed with the typography ‘Documentary’, this is again to guide the audience as to what to expect through this genre.

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A medium shot of the protagonists walking on the stage is coupled with a monochrome effect of bright colours as the men are introduced. The footage begins with them doing something natural before the clapper board cuts. The effect of this is typical in documentaries, were ‘behind the scenes’ are normally shown. By using a clapper board suggests professionalism in the filming of the documentary. This cuts away to the protagonists dialogue- diegetic score of them introducing themselves and what their contribution is to do with the documentary (one is a director and one a producer). Along with this is typography at the bottom on the shot to establish what they are. This is conventional in documentaries where their names are shown and what they do. This is informative and gives a sense of direction/knowledge to the viewers. Additionally, the men are presented in suits to appear presentable and important as they stand behind a black back drop to draw attention to the protagonists.

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The shot cuts away to a tracking shot of a piano where tyopgrpahy is written over in a white, animated looking font: ‘The Lady in N06’. The piano is significant as the audience establish later in the documenatry, which is clearly centimantal in the womens life. The title is displayed at 30 seconds into the documentary, to establish what the film is. The protagonists talking to the camera continues into the next scene, making it a voiceover. This is typical in documentaires to either show a series of events, or could be describing a topic with a footage shown to be symmertrical: in this case the women is the topic for the documentary. This shot fades into a medium shot of the famous women that has been the title of the film. The elderly women is sitting on the chair, with grey hair; appearing as weak and frail. This is conventional, and typical by emphsising her age which is significant for the documentary. Her facial expression is happy and content, which reinforces that the documentary is going to be positive. During the voiceover, the camera converts back to the scene of the director and producer talking as they continue to talk about the lady. The caption under the protganists aren’t visible, as the viewer have already been introduced, which is again typical.

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The close up shot of the elderly womens hand, suggests to be the person in the title. The shot is evidently hand-held, which empahsises the realism and mimics the weakness of the lady as she grows old. The continous medium/close ups and tracking shots of the women further reinforce her signficance in the documenatry. With her using her zimmaframe and walking slow, again conveys her old age. The several cut aways to the director and producer throughout inform the viewer, and give it a documentary feel to it. During her screen time non-diegtic calming, peaceful music begins to play as the elderly women first begins to speak 1 minute into the documentary. From the clip its clear that the women is carefree and delighted. Her dialogue: ‘I’m full of joy’. This is clear that happiness is a theme in the documentary, which gives insight into the ladies personality. After the audience have been introudced to the lady ( who is addressed in the title) the shot cuts back to the director and producer scene, to give a sense of direction and narrative. Overall the clip cuts from the director/producer to the lady 4 times. The camera is out of foucs for the next shot, which begins with prominent, loud non- diegtic music. Vilons and orchestral music is played, which is symmterical to the footage on the screen. This is relatable to the elderly womens hobbies; music. The music continues as the shot cuts to the elderly women sitting on the chair; expressing that ‘music is her dream’, which reinforces her topic of the documentary.

The documenatry ends as how it begins, with the director and producer, summarising a key message to the short film.




3rd film review analysis: Avatar

Avatar was released in 2009, which is a famous American, science fiction film. This was directed, written, produced and co-edited by James Cameron. Avatar premiered in London on December 10, 2009. The film was internationally released on December 16 in the USA and Canada. This lead to lots of positive critical reviews, with critics highly praising its ground-breaking visual effects. The film broke several box office record and became the highest-grossing film of all time.

In my opinion this movie genre wasn’t my preference, however the editing in this film was very effective which made it enjoyable to watch.

Magazine film review: 

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The review covers 2 pages of the magazine, and as a reader of the magazine it catches the viewers attention straight away. Again, this film review is very visual with 5 pictures. 1 main image which covers 3/4 of the first page and most of the second page. Underneath this image positions 3 smaller ones to almost tell a story before even reading the article. Another image is positioned on the first page at the top left hand corner which separates, in between the text and the image. The article consists of 2 paragraphs which is displayed directly underneath the title. The review itself doesn’t appear as prominent, with the image ratio being much more. The title  is in the middle, of the first page in-between the text and the image to separate the two. A closer box is used on the second page, which is the only text based thing on the page; This contains facts of the film. The review also contains a tagline above the review, but no used of star ratings, which is typical.


The whole review is typed in sans serif font to appear more animation and childlike, this is due to the wide audience range, from children to adults. The font size of the title is the biggest font which is obvious, this is easily distinguishable to know what film it is. The beginning of the article has a capital ‘J’, this is typical in magazine articles, to be more engaging and bold. The review itself has a much smaller font- approx. size 11/12 font, to allow more space for images.


The 5 images in the review suggest the genre of the film; sci-fi, due to the weird, abnormal looking blue aliens. Immediately the reader is drawn to the main image with the female and male avatar. This suggest despite the scientific sides of things, love could still be dominate in this film; ultimately exposing the plot. The square tiled format (row of 3) underneath the main image displays scenes from the film. This entices viewers into watching the film, and distinguish what the film could include. A dominate image is positioned above the title on the first page to stand out. The avatar is holding a gun, which could suggest the danger being occurred to their species. This could also suggest the action included throughout the film.


The most distinguished colour in this magazine review is blue. The avatar is customised to be blue, so this would be identified by fans of this film through the bright colour. Black is lined around the whole review to give off a simple but bold effect. The black background is coupled against the white text to be engaging and colourful as possible. The white title I feel is plain, but very effective. In my opinion, I’m considering to use a white title in my documentary for my film review. Other bright colours are also used including red; which is also stereotypical in magazine article making it look professional yet fun.

3rd film poster analysis: New York

New York is a American documentary film which is divided in to an eight-part sections on the history of New York city. The documentary released in November 14, 1999 to-  September 8, 2003. This was directed by Ric Burn which originally aired in the US on PBS and was narrated by David Ogden Stiers.

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This film released in 1999 so I wouldn’t expect this to be brightly coloured in the poster. The poster is very basic, but effective. The black/grey and white in this poster conveys olden day vibes. This could also suggest the poverty and hopelessness citizens in New York city had faced through the lack of colour in this poster. The lack of colour could suggest lack of identity, which could also be a factor of what changed New York overtime. The tint of colour is vaguely presented through the film title. The off gold is present alongside the first line under the title, to appear more prominent and bold in contrast to the black and white. The ‘E’ in the tagline of ‘America’ is red, this is engaging and makes the audience want to read the whole tagline to make sure they aren’t missing any important information.


The layout in this poster has the title positioned at the bottom of the page, this indicates to the reader that the focus is mainly to be shown on the image. Under the title, at the very bottom of the page,  has the director/producer names displayed which is typical in film layouts to give credit to the people who helped making the film; which is clearly neccarssy. The tagline ‘A special presentation of American experience’ is the only typography at the very top of the poster.  This almost prepares the audience for the ‘special presentation’ yet to occur in the documentary- making the sentence suspenseful. The image takes up the whole poster, and is quite exposed, this engages with the audience and creates a clear subject being presented, in this case: New York city during this time period.


The title is all in serif font, which gives a classic, olden day theme to the whole poster. This suggest the documentary is going to be quiet historical due to the classic fonts, layout etc. The font size of the title is engaging, this is the font on the page which straight away appears most prominent. This contrast the tagline which is small and in this case less important for the audience as opposed to the main title. The fact the language in the tagline states: ‘Special presentation’ suggest the honour, and love for America, and makes the audience want to find out what is so special about it.


The one main image is dominating the whole poster, this conveys a message that is trying to be addressed through the film poster before even watching the documentary, which is also reinforced through the title. The 7 men sitting on the wall appears too look like working class men with the working hats and grubby dungarees; which was typical during this time period. From the image it is clear that working during this time will be involved somehow in the clip. The fact the are above the buildings of New York shows their importance. This landscape of the city underlays the New York buildings of what it looked like during the present time.

In my opinion this film poster is good for the era it was set in, but I would personally add more colour.

2nd short film analysis: Do you smoke?

For additional understanding into documentaries, I felt I needed to continue watching them and analyse them before making me own. Again after watching this it opened up more ideas of how to structure mine.

The documentary consists of a video being played which revolves around the topic of smoking, the non- smoker asks various question to be able to calculate how much money he would have saved if he hadn’t smoked, with that being said the money he could have saved from smoking would allow him to buy a Porsche car. The smoker realises the non-smoker doesn’t own a Porsche and why. This video is full of different views which is established in the rest of the documentary, where the footage is shown to people on the streets and their responses to the video.

My overall thoughts of this short-film documentary was positive, I thought this was conventional of a documentary, which helped inform the audience of their own judgement and opinion.

Textual Analysis:

The short film documentary begins with a 4 second black screen before a match is lit, this is coupled with a diegetic score as the match is set a light. With this being displayed at the start of the documentary it allows the audience to establish what the film could be about, which is also suggested through the title: ‘Do you Smoke’?. The match alight is given a lot of screen time to reinforce the topic of matter. The low- key lighting is paired with the bright red-orangey flame. This prepares the audience for something to do with smoking and shows the significance of the topic. This is all distinguished through a medium shot.

At 12 seconds a hand reaches in to put a cigarette a light. This prop is also introduced during the start of the documentary to connate the subject and concerns that are associated in the film. This creates a message to the audience of how regular and easy it is for someone to begin smoking on a cigarette. The fact the first 22 seconds are dark, suggests the negative view of smoking.

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Immediately after the cigarette had been lit, a white title immerses ‘Do you Smoke’ with the directorial company being presented above the title. The white title stands out and is prominent against the black background which engages the audience . The non-diegetic score begins as the white title appears, the music and tone is quiet loud which prepares the audience for something to happen.

This shot then switches to a black screen and then cuts away to a man phrasing: ‘Hey man do you smoke?’. This is ultimately a Q&A between a non-smoker and a smoker. Along with the  speakers dialogue, a non-diegetic score is suitably played in the background of water and nature itself to appear as realistic as possible, as this is a serious topic. The shot reverse shot of the actors captures the moment of the conversation and the other protagonists expression. The non-smokers attire consists of a hat, making him appear more intelligent and wise. Whereas, the smoker appears more regular which allows the audience to connect with the smokers position, almost making them feel like they are the ones getting questioned. The contrast of the low-key lighting switches to a high-key, bright lighting as the topic is now being addressed, which conveys a evolvement or a different perspective of something – in this case of smoking. The continuous question the man displays, informs the audience, and the smoker the amount of money that could be saved if they didn’t smoke. This makes the audience feel hopeless and left to agree through his informative language and dialogue. The documentary is also a kick to realisation through this clip to realise the amount of money being lost. This clearly shows the binary opposition between the two. This is typical in a documentary, which normal contains some sort of Q&A to inform the audience. The non-smoker calculates the amount of cigarettes he takes and how much money he could save over a certain period of time. This is calculated to be $113,400; and with that money he exclaims he could have bought a car, and in this instance he stats a Porsche. This is shocking and unexpected for the audience as they realise the amount of money that could be lost just by smoking unnecessarily. The shot reverse shot is highlighted in the clip to emphasis the facial expression of the smoker as he receives this information. His face appears shocked yet curious as he controversially states to the non-smoker that he doesn’t own a Porsche, implying his matter of sacrifice and that he enjoys smoking. This created an opinionated view point on the whole conversation which is established through the rest of the documentary.

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The Q&A immerses into a black screen which converts, and cuts away to a high-key lighting environment of  interviews/Q&A on the streets of the public on the short film which contains a lot of controversy.  The continuous shots include different people watching the recording on a phone and there impressions, where each person gets the same amount of screen time to explain their thoughts. Each shot is all captured in a medium shot, to not give too much away but to establish that its on the busy streets, and emphasise they are regular people. After the continuous cuts of watching the footage their views are presented to the camera. During the public thoughts only diegetic scores are used, without any sound effects added in the background, this could be used to make it appear as serious as possible.

  • A girl with glasses and 2 men: “If someone has a goal they will want to save that money – other people will use that money elsewhere anyway..”
  • A couple with a bearded man:  “Like a Porsche is more important say than not smoking.”
  • Girl with green/blue hair: “Its your choice.. life comes and goes for all of us.”- negative
  • 2 men with long hair: “People quick to judge other people”

This contains a lot of debatable views which makes the documentary fit to a wide variety of people, where some facial expressions seemed amused and passionate, while others are left confused. This allows the audience to make there own judgement after watching other peoples opinions, which ultimately open ups the audience mind and is very informative, which is typical in documentaries.



Spider-Man 2 was filmed in 2004, the American superhero film was directed by Sam Raimi and written by Alvin Sargent. This sequel started in 2002 from the film ‘Spider-Man’. Spider-Man 2 was released in IMAX theatres on June 30. It won the award of the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and was also nominated for Best Sound Mixing/Editing. The film is often stated as one of the best superhero film of all-time, which successfully led to the release of Spider-Man 3 in 2007.

In my opinion, this is a true classic super-hero film. I grew up watching this film so I expect positive things for the film review below.

Magazine Film Review:


Evidently, the image presented to us is bold and bright which dominates 3/4 of the first page and the second whole page. The image ratio from the text is similar, ultimately one page being text based with 6 paragraphs and the other page with a big centred image.  Coupled with this, a small caption is inserted for the description of the image, this is located under the ‘Film of the month’. This then brings attention to the PG sign which creates a wider bracket range from children to adults. News Films icon is at the header within the article to distinguish that it is a review. This is kept in the theme and layout of a typical magazine film review which familiarizes the audience to what they are reading. The subheading gives a overall summary of the film to guide the audience at the start of the review. By including this at the start makes the readers face a decision if the plot would be engaging and enjoyable to watch. By doing this it prepares fans for something epic to occur in the review. The bold title ‘Spider-Man 2’ is positioned at the top of the article in the top left hand corner. This is easily distinguishable to what the film is that’s being reviewed.  The review consists of a tagline which is typically displayed under the title of the film review which is almost a vague advertising/persuading purpose.  At the end of the review a box labelled ‘Verdict’ is given where a star rating is given. This film had been given 5/5 stars. By having this audience are even more intrigued to watch the film after been giving this information at the end of the article.

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The title is a Sans Serif font which is simple but bold to identify the film. This appears more animated and fitting for the genre type. ‘PG’ is levelled with the title but has a smaller font size, which distinguishes the wide range of people.  ‘W’ has a bigger font than the rest of the article font size, this is typical in articles, where the first letter would have a greater font size to where the article begins. Another heading is used to separate the last two paragraphs, this makes it more engaging to read. The text written says: ‘Drop jaws and staple them’ the hyperbole used is typical to persuade the audience to watch the film and make them feel intrigued. The ‘Film of the month’ overlays the picture with blue and white. This surprises readers, and entices them to want to see this to make their own judgment of the film. The language in this review is quiet informal. It is obvious the review is for Spider-Man fans as the publisher gives exactly what fans want to hear. This is clear with insights into the spoilers of the film e.g. the background of Mary Jane in the film. By including her it shows these actors will continue into the second film which helps connect with fans. The subheading: ‘What’s the story?’ is exactly what the audience want to know, the rhetorical questions makes the audience wonder and want to find out what the story really is.  The use of direct address becomes personal between the readers, and is a good persuasive device to sell the film and the plot. The tagline ‘The amazing Spidey swings to new heights in Sam Raimi’s jaw-crashing sequel…’ includes ellipses to further intensify the suspense and excitement. Another image is positioned at the end of the article labelled: ‘Predicted Interest Curve’, this is creative and unique in this review, and I thought was very effective, this makes me feel promised that the film will be thrilling and entertaining.


The visual message is just as important than the written text which could reflect the target audience. Spider- Man’s body language in this conveys more action yet to come, the fact he is in his ‘costume’ again shows more antics that Peter Parker faces. Another image is positioned at the end of the article labelled: ‘Predicted Interest Curve’, this is creative and unique in this review, and I thought was very effective, this makes me feel promised that the film will be thrilling and entertaining.


The colours in this review consist of red, blues, blacks and whites, this is to resemble the Spider-Man costume, which makes the review look professional and symmetrical in colours. The colours are bright and colourful to engage with the target audience. To conclude, the review is very positive; with the authors name stated at the end of the article ‘James White’.


2nd film poster analysis: 13th

13th (2016) is an American documentary by director Ava DuVernay which released on Netflix. The film explores the economic history of slavery and racist legislation in the USA. The film ’13th’ is titled after the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution- this is what freed the slaves and prohibited slavery (unless it was a punishment for committing a crime)

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The colour scheme in this film poster is basic and simple. The red is used in the title, tagline, directors name and Netflix. This is the only splash of colour in this whole poster, this symbolises the danger the prisoners are facing as well as the danger USA is facing, which is clear that this is going to be addressed in the documentary. The flag is colourless; being just plain black and white; this symbolizes the binary opposition between the black and white race. Clearly as a nation something isn’t right or the same, inferring the documentary is going to be quiet serious and to the point about a certain topic. The combination of black and white could represent the two races convening, suggesting the evolvement of race perhaps. The black text in this poster is also prominent e.g. the release date, this stands out and engages the readers on the important information.


The layout is interesting where the image is central and dominates the whole poster. The title is at the bottom left hand side corner which is clear due to the colour and size font. The title is positioned close to the release date as readers would immediately look at the information close to the title, this will help keep them informed for the film.  The distribution company and directors name is displayed at the top which is typical for these types of layouts. The tagline above the image states: ‘From slave to criminal with one amendment’. This is simple without being exposing of the film, the tagline is quiet literal as clear topic is being portrayed: slavery, which informs and intrigues the audience of what the documentary would cover. This is also reinforced through the metaphorical image.


The sans serif title ’13th’ has a large size font, being bold and prominent. The language of just having one number could infer the slaves individuality. ‘Netflix’ is also in a big font, to be identified easily, as readers Netflix is common and popular, so by including this it reaches a wider target audience – who like Netflix and suggest it would be a good documentary due to it being released there. The font size is also big: ‘From AVA DuVernay’. She is a famous director, producer, writer, marketer and film distributor who makes amazing documentaries. By including this in bold the audience feel more engaged that the documentary would be a success before even watching it. Lastly, the release date is in capital letters to reinforce the important information.


The image displays the USA flag with a slave/prisoner walking along. The man walking on suggests his lack of rights or injustice he has that is ongoing- hence him walking away, this could be suggested because of the colour of his skin. The man is presented as black, were he looks inglorious and constricted with cuffs on his ankles. His body language is sluggish suggesting the disempowerment towards certain people in America. This could connate the inequality being faced in the USA. The fact the image is centralised shows the significance of the topic in todays society, and is clearly serious, which is trying to be addressed. The prisoner/slave is in typical unidentifiable clothing, showing his nothingness to society and lack of identity. Additionally, the lack of colours could symbolise the lack of humanity.

In my opinion, this simple poster speaks a thousand words for me, I feel this will help me when design my documentary film poster, that less is more.




1st film poster analysis: The Dark Knight

The ‘Dark Knight Rises’ is a 2012 superhero film directed by Christopher Nolan.  Another one of Batman’s sequels where Batman and the rest of the cast begin to round up the criminals that plague Gotham City until a mysterious criminal known as the ‘Joker’ appears in Gotham creating hectic chaos. The films presents Batman’s struggle against ‘The Joker’ becomes deeply personal.

I will be analysing 10 film posters, again the relevant thing to do is analysis documentary ones to get a clear idea, but for my first analysis I thought I’d choose this famous, well-known poster below.

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Colour: The colour scheme in this poster contains dark blues, grey and blacks conveying a sinister atmosphere. The red-orange flames reinforces the destruction. The fact this is the brightest thing in the poster conveys this will happen a lot in the film due to Batman. The title ‘The Dark Knight’, the date and the actors are bold and white which distinguishes from the black background making this more eye-catching. The black and white could contrast between the good vs evil in the film. The important date is in white making the audience engaged and appealed to this. This is the directors intention to make sure the important information to be read.

Layout: The tagline; ‘Welcome to a world without rules’ suggests a crime related story line emphasizing lots of action and thrill to take place. The ominous tagline makes the audience want to find out what the film entails. This further creates enigma codes as to why there is no rules? what happens when there is no rules? etc. The fact the tag line is displayed at the top of the poster suggests the readers need to engage with that first to give a clearer view on the poster.  After the tagline, the image of the protagonist is shown, followed by the list of actors, and finally the bold title. The title being at the end could make the audience/readers want to read the main actors before engaging with the title, which is a good persuasive device. I feel personally, it’s complimenting and professional with the title of the films at the bottom.

Typography/Language: The actors shown are evident through the typography to excite the audience to who will be playing what. This includes: Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Heath Ledger and Morgan Freeman, these are the main most well known names in the line. These names are known for being successful in the thriller genre, this attracts more people to see the film as it suggests that the film will be similar to their other films. The release date at the bottom of the poster is bold and highlighted more than the rest of the credits, this helps highlight the importance of the date and informs the audience of when to see it.

Images: The hellish atmosphere implies the pathetic fallacy being used of the dark clouds and burnt building, signifying the characters evilness. The burning flames/explosions in the building is shaped into the batman symbol. By including this symbol it allows the audience to identify batman’s appearance in the film. The smoke at the top reinforces the chaotic and destructive environment. However the batman trademark being set on fire could imply batman’s lack of control or the ending for batman. The burnt orange symbol juxtaposes with the dark gloomy colors to catch the audiences attention and create a dramatic effect. The low angle shot of batman makes him look prominent and powerful, he is centralized implying his importance in the film. His costume in the image further makes him look sinister and makes the audience question his authority. The iconography of the bat symbol is central, behind the title – the symbol looks powerful reinforcing batman’s power. His masculinity is further shown through his muscles and his body language.

In my opinion I love this film poster. I feel like the mood has been set effectively with the image and the colours, this makes me want to watch it again!




1st short film analysis: A Place Like This

The most relevant thing for me to do is analysis documentary short films; by doing this I will get a clearer idea of how to structure my short film documentary with the 5 minutes I have.

‘A Place like this’ (2012) is a short biographical film about a man (Alex Jenkins), in his garden paradise talking about his experiences when joining the army. Alex recalls the events that happened on a fateful night at war and shares a story of luck and survival. This short film had the privilege of screening at festivals around Australia e.g. Bondi short film festival. This also began screening internationally at Canada’s Lakeshorts Film Festival.

The documentary is quiet emotional as we see an insight into his personal life which helps us sympathise and connect with the elderly mans experience. The generic conventions of a documentary short film have been met with the use of voice-overs, continuous cuts to scenery and an interviewing about a particular topic and clear message. This distressing experience allows the audience to associate themselves with the man through the sound and the shots included. The tone in this documentary is quite serious which is emphasised through his facial expression and the sound score. The mise en scene is typical, and realistic to make the elderly man look as vulnerable as possible.

In my opinion, I think this documentary is helpful for me, this is a good idea of how I can structure my media piece and what I can include to make it as effective as possible.

Textual analysis:

The documentary opens with a black screen fading in to a scenic view of the sunset. The clouds going by suggesting the passing of life; linking to the ageing man. This is coupled with non-dietetic peaceful, calming music to represent the peace in his life now. The long shot view of the opening scene indicates an end in a chapter of his life, with a new beginning- which is being symbolized through the sunset. The score increases as the screen changes from black to the white bold title, ‘A Place Like This’ to establish the name of the short film. The white is engaging and allows the title to stick in the audiences head. From the black screen of the title the image of the elderly man immerses to establish the story is to be told by him. A plethora of  medium and long shots are frequently used of the protagonist and the scenery, this evidently shows what the main purpose/topic of the documentary is. The tilting of the tree is significant from the cut away of the interview which accentuates the naturalistic atmosphere, This gives a peaceful effect on the audience. The focus on the leaves displays what nature has to offer, with contrapuntal sounds to show he is talking about his garden at the point in the clip. The shot reverse shot allows the environment to connect with the man’s experience; where his face is shown. 

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The medium close up of the interview is typical in documentaries, which cuts to the protagonist on the chair, looking around, telling his story. This creates empathy for the elderly man, suggesting he has been through a lot, with the immense amount of dialogue in the whole 5 min clip. The fact he is sitting in the chair is stereotypical of his age, and what the audience expect. His incapability for him to walk around is evident through his body language and slow speech.

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The camera captures the elderly man at the end walking off, looking on wards after explain this story to the camera. His body language and he is looking towards the garden is positioned as quiet slanted, this shows his vulnerability and frailness at this age. The effect of this is to imply the realism of the story. This reinforces his pride of what he has achieved (in this case, the garden). This is typical in documentaries’ where footage would be captured to show what they would do if the camera wasn’t filming. The scenic shot in the background, is purposely displayed like this, consisting of greenery. The range of scenic/idyllic shots e.g. nature, birds, trees, plants, flowers etc , is symmetrical to what he is talking about ,where a voice over is used to keep the audience informed.

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The editing is simplistic with a white bold title after the sunset being displayed in the first 20 seconds. The font is Sans Serif, the title is prominent and sticks in the audiences head. The non-diegetic sound gets louder and louder as the scene transverses. This then switches to a voiceover of the elderly man where his image becomes more prominent. His tone of his voice is wise and deep connoting he has been through a lot. 

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The fading black screen at the end of the clip changes to a quote which is also stereotypical in documentaires. This informs the audience of the aftermath of the filming. This then displays the credits in the order below:

  1. ‘A film by…’
  2. Co producer, Editors, Camera
  3. Sound, designer, Composer
  4. Production supervisor/Facilities/Executive producer


The mise en scene in this documentary is significant. The setting is set in an idyllic area. His narrative changes in the first 1:41 mins as he begins to talk about the war which opposes to the atmosphere. The natural lighting alongside the greenery presents the happiness in the mans life now. His attire is typical for an elderly man, a simple shirt with trousers. His hair is also typical, it being grey which further makes the documentary more personal and realistic. His facial expression is serious however seems to appear mesmerised because of his past. 





1st film review analysis: The Pirates of the Caribbean

Pirates of the Caribbean is a series of action-based films produced by Jerry Bruckheimer. This film was based on Walt Disney’s theme park ride of the same name. The film series started in 2003 with Pirates of the Caribbean: ‘The Curse of the Black Pearl’; which received positive reviews like the one below which was published from ‘Total Film’ article. The franchise’s second film, was named: ‘Dead Man’s Chest’ which was released three years later in 2006. The third film in the series was released in 2007, subtitled ‘A World’s End’. Disney then released its fourth film subtitled: ‘On Stranger Tides’ in 2011 which played in 2D, Digital 3-D and IMAX 3D. 

Blacksmith Will Turner teams up with pirate Captain Jack Sparrow; played by the famous Johnny Depp, to save Turner’s love, Elizabeth Swann from the cursed pirates who was Jack’s former friend – Captain Barbossa. Jack seeks revenge against Barbossa, who left him stranded on an island before stealing his ship, the Black Pearl, along with 882 pieces of cursed Aztec Gold.

Magazine film review:


My initial attention to this review was the symmetrical ratio from the typography and visual images being displayed. The text is spread out which would cover 2 sides of a magazine with the ‘3 body paragraphs’. The graphics used catch the readers eye with the association of the 2 main actors; enabling the readers to distinguish what the article revolves around (Johnny Depp and Orlando Bloom). The positioning of the bold title under the image almost describes what the picture is about. The review/ text body, doesn’t take up most of the page but is spilt horizontally from the large picture. The fact the layout focuses also on the images makes the readers find it more enjoyable to read and comprehend. The content itself contains spoilers of the film which helps give further insight and knowledge to persuade them to watch it. The fact the publisher includes a separate paragraph with a Q&A between the actors makes the review more unique and interesting to read.  There is no use of star ratings or taglines in this review which is atypical. This could be done in attempt to not make it too revealing or exposed of the plot itself, and almost entices and teases the audience for them to watch it. The review contains 2 sets of subheadings in a Sans Serif font which differs from the rest of the Serif font article. The first subheading: ‘The Pitch’, this differentiates to the reader that the film is from a Disney Land ride (This is in aim to bring in content which is familiar to the readers already). The second subheading: ‘The Talent’ displays the famous actors who are involved in the film, this gives the fan exactly what they want to see by pairing it with the bold headings ( where people are most likely to look). Readers would be drawn to read this first, so authors would tell what will be most important to them. 


The title of the film is obvious and essential for the film review so the audience can familiarize themselves with what the film is and know what it is called when they see it. ‘Caribbean’ has a greater size font with large space gaps to catch the audiences attention, making the title appear more captivating. The body paragraph’s are all the same font and style which is typical in reviews to appear professional. In the Q&A section Johnny Depp is printed with a large size font to reinforce his importance in the film and catch the attention of his widely loved fan base which is clearly addressed in the prominent title. The caption in the bottom left hand corner is typical for film images, this displays which actor is playing what in the film to prepare the audience for when they watch it.  The article summarises the film with excessive amounts of adjectives and verbs to seem as engaging and positive as can be. The Q&A is personal and interactive between the fans and actors, where Depp’s perspective is incorporated to make the film review more unique and exquisite. This is further portrayed through the direct address that Depp uses to further make it more persuasive and exclusive. 


The colour scheme in this film review consist of reds, whites, blacks and yellows. The release of the film is presented in yellow which overlays the picture. This stands out the most with the visual for the ‘estimated time arrival’ – which is 15th of August. This is noticeable and prominent which prepares the readers for the important date for the film review. This technique is useful as authors know they would look at the images first, so by putting a date to be seen visibly makes it more acknowledgeable and easy. As with the bright reds incorporated, it makes the film review appear more eye-catching, bright and fun to read.


The main purpose of both images is to attract the audience and to encourage them to read the article. Both show the famous actors to engage the audience which is represent photographically as well as the bold titles. This would appeal to the fans who like the actors, with that being said these actors are distinguishable in action films, therefore by making them visible will further intrigue the audience. The pirate (Johnny Depp) in front shows he is more superior and authorative which is what the fans expect of him and want to see. The images also give the audience a greater knowledge of the genre of the film. In this case the audience would assume the film is of a action genre as immediately weapons are shown in the image which is typical in action/adventure films.



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